animism: belief in which spirits are active in influencing people: shamanism: only some people can talk to spirits: totemism: kinship between humans and animals or natural objecs: monotheism: belief in one god: polytheism: belief in muliple gods: ethicalism: moral principles have a sacred quality: ecclesia Monotheism vs. Polytheism. It's worth noting that in each of the three Abrahamic religions that we just named, you may hear people praying to someone other than the main deity. Deism In addition to adopting the beliefs of general monotheism, deists also adopt the belief that the single existing god is personal in nature and transcendent from the created universe. Does monotheism represent âprogressâ over animism or polytheism? Monotheism is the belief and worship of one god; Christianity is a monotheistic religion. This is a myth that monotheists use to justify their attempts to stamp out polytheism in their societies and in others. Monotheism. monotheism/polytheism atheism/agnosticism pantheism/animism: Definition. Monotheism refers to the belief in the existence of one god only. The French Revolution, however secular it may seem, would not have been possible in a country with polytheistic worldview such as India, where the existence of several gods justifies the existence of castes and that men are not â¦ Tylor judged cultures by the standards of 19th century Europe, and therefore viewed animism as a flawed religious system. The evolution and progress of monotheism in relation to polytheism is the union between humans under the same God whom they can call Father. Animism is a religious view that sees souls in all things. Polytheism is the belief and worship of many gods; the ancient Greeks practiced a polytheistic religion. Polytheism refers to the belief in the existence of multiple deities such as gods and goddesses. For animists, all things are alive and â¦ Animism, belief in innumerable spiritual beings concerned with human affairs and capable of helping or harming human interests.Animistic beliefs were first competently surveyed by Sir Edward Burnett Tylor in his work Primitive Culture (1871), to which is owed the continued currency of the term. Another type of polytheism which parades under the banner of monotheism is called "multiple-monotheism" This is the idea that, even though there are hundreds of different religions in the world, everybody is really worshipping the same god. A B; polytheism: the belief in many gods: monotheism: the belief in one (1) God: Christianity: a monotheistic religion .. the Messiah (Jesus) has come .. died, has â¦ Monotheism is typically contrasted with polytheism (see below), which is a belief in many gods, and with atheism, which is an absence of any belief in any gods. For example, there are three different types of religions: monotheism, polytheism, and animism. Sir Edward Tylor published a book entitled Primitive Culture in 1871, which delineated the alleged progression of religion from animism to polytheism and later monotheism. These souls provide animismâlifeâin all things. Only one god created the world and the most powerful in the world. No. monotheism: one god polytheism: many gods atheism: no god agnosticism: maybe god, maybe not; no proof pantheism: god is everything, everything is god animism: every living thing has its own spirit: Term. Polytheism. Psychology: Definition. It comes from the Greek words, monos and theos, which literally mean a single god. It's just that different people call him by different names and worship him in different ways.