182 0 obj <>stream In Scotland it is rare. Exclusion and sanitation: Avoid spreading thistle roots, shoots, and seeds by implements such as mowers between fields. It has always been a plant of ill repute among us; Shakespeare classes 'rough Thistles' with 'hateful Docks,' and further back in the history of our race we read of the Thistle representing part of the primeval curse on the earth in general, and on man in particular, for - 'Thorns also and Thistles shall it bring forth to thee.'. The exact means of introduction are largely unknown, but it is speculated that they were brought over in farm seeds. The stalks of this species are said to be as good as those of the Milk Thistle, and in Evelyn's time were similarly employed. It is said to have obtained its name from its high reputation as a heal-all, being supposed even to cure the plague. Like stinging nettles, you MUST wear gloves when harvesting any part of this plant â or suffer the consequences of having tiny and clear little thorns embedded into your fingers. A decoction of the root is astringent and diminishes discharges from mucous membranes. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. KNAPWEED, GREATER Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea. There is a tradition that the milk-white veins of the leaves originated in the milk of the Virgin which once fell upon a plant of Thistle, hence it was called Our Lady's Thistle, and the Latin name of the species has the same derivation. They should be controlled if you wish to grow garden plants in the area, since they compete for light, water and food. The leaves are spiny and rigid, with only a few hairs on the upper side, and on the veins beneath, and are of a dark, shining green. The leaves are green on both sides, downy on the veins beneath, narrow, cut into numerous lobes and very prickly. Native Americans used the roots to â¦ The plant is self-fertile. In Minnesota, it is common and abundant across the state where it is found in prairies, roadsides, forests, and in disturbed or abandoned sites. It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Perennial. Beyond its use as a water source, thistle is well known for its ability to treat swelling of joints and tendons. Most invasive thistles came from Europe in the 1600s. The stems are tall and stout, often deeply furrowed, and more or less covered with a white or cotton-like down. This is a common Thistle on a dry soil, and may be known by its large drooping, crimson-purple flowers, the largest of all our Thistle blooms, handsome both in form and colour, and by its faint, musky scent. Remember to speak with a doctor before taking milk thistle supplements. There is insufficient evidence to support the use of milk thistle for any of the below listed uses. I also see a lot of spear thistle in similar habitats, although when found in grassland, it's not as abundant as the creeping species. A MODERN HERBAL Home Page, © Copyright Protected 1995-2020 Botanical.com. Use tested seed when planting row middles to minimize the risk of contamination with weed seeds (Figure 2). Other Thistles are the SLENDER-FLOWERED THISTLE (C. pycnocephalous) which has stems 2 to 4 feet high, slightly branched, hoary, with broad continuous, deeply-lobed, spinous wings; leaves cottony underneath; heads many, clustered, cylindrical, small; florets pink. This handsome plant is not unworthy of a place in our gardens and shrubberies and was formerly frequently cultivated. Sonchus arvensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). Creeping thistle will grow in all manner of waste-ground, grasslands, verges and field edges. Culpepper considered that a decoction of this Thistle in wine 'being drank expels superfluous melancholy out of the body and makes a man as merry as a cricket.'. Centaurea Calcitrapa, the Common Star Thistle, occurs in waste places and by roadsides, but is somewhat rare and chiefly found in south-east England. Milk thistle has been used as an emergency antidote for poisoning by death cap mushroom. But this native species—field thistle— really stands out as a very tall species, and towers over my head at about 8 feet. At one time the root used to be chewed as a remedy for toothache. Carlina vulgaris, the Carline Thistle, closely related to the last-named Thistles, but assigned to a special genus, of which it is the sole representative in this country, is found on dry banks and pastures, being rather scarce except on chalk, where it is plentiful. It is also commonly known as Canada thistle and field thistle. It is a handsome annual, a native of Southern Europe, occurring there in waste, stony, uncultivated places, but it grows more readily in England in cultivation. The flowers expand in dry and close in moist weather. The Marian, or Milk Thistle, is perhaps the most important medicinally among the members of this genus, to which all botanists do not, however, assign it, naming it Silybum Marianum. The plant is used in natural medicinal remedies, to brew as a tea, and as a recipe ingredient. The Fish-bone Thistle (Chamaepeuce diacantha), from Syria, is also a very handsome plant. R . The outer bracts are very prickly. Plants of this genus were used as an herbal remedy to relax swollen veins. Natural herbs may assist women who are going through the changes of life, particularly milk thistle. The decoction when applied externally is said to have proved beneficial in cases of cancer. ---Chemical Constituents---Blessed Thistle contains a volatile oil, and a bitter, crystallineneutral body called Cnicin (soluble in alcohol and slightly also in water) which is said to be analogous to salicin in its properties. The spines on the edges of the narrow, long leaves are similar to those on the wings of the stem. Milk thistle extracts have a preventive and therapeutic effect when taken orally and work particularly well when injected intravenously. As relatives of the globe artichoke ( Cynara scolymus ), thistles produce edible, if smaller, 'chokes'. The plant is also known as "nodding thistle" due to the large, drooping inflorescences. N.B. The erect stem, 18 inches to 5 feet high, is very stout and much branched, furnished with wing-like appendages (the decurrent bases of the leaves) which are broader than its own diameter. Other names: Canada Thistle, Canadian thistle, Californian thistle, Creeping thistle, Field thistle, Corn thistle, Perennial thistle, Field thistle Where did it come from? The plant is bright green, the leaves often white beneath, but varying much in this respect. BTW, native thistles such as field thistle are great pollinator plants, attracting bees, beetles, flies and butterflies, not to mention birds such as gold finches. I was pretty impressed by reading a paper by the American Herbalists Guild that describes its use for joint issues, such as rheumatoid arthritis, especially in children. From the presence of this covering, the Thistle has obtained its popular name of Cotton or Woolly Thistle. The roots may be eaten like those of Salsify.' Mow or cut the thistle â¦ Carduus lanceolatus, the Spear Thistle, is one of our most striking and common Thistles. The juicy receptacle or disk on which the florets are placed was used in earlier times as the Artichoke - which is also a member of the Thistle tribe. It is an invasive weed native to Europe and Asia. _�:�:�K毄/��bO���ZF��-��]���m�q�%y��@;�At98�S��|���&����v#|��������V�ol|�����r��������C8:�/n2L^�@��\���=h�������-xy��C�ӧCX�н�.�~˻�'���Wg(��f�3��y^5���j�������? It is not frost tender. The leaves, dried and powdered, are good for worms. This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Creeping thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a weed that spreads using lateral roots. The flowerheads are borne singly on long stalks, the bracts that form the involucre being quite destitute of prickles. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. It is said that the empirical nostrum, antiglaireux, of Count Mattaei, is prepared from this species of Thistle. The plant varies much in the degree of soft hairiness, and consequently in the green or whitish colour of the leaves. They are respectfully the common sow thistle, the spiny sow thistle and the field sow thistle. Research on milk thistle use for specific conditions shows: 1. The flowers are light reddish-purple, the large woolly heads covered with reddish curled hairs. It has sometimes been stated that the herb was first cultivated by Gerard in 1597, but as this book was published twenty years previously it would appear to have been in cultivation much earlier, and in fact it is described and its virtues enumerated in the Herbal of Turner in 1568. Westmacott, writing in 1694, says of this Thistle: 'It is a Friend to the Liver and Blood: the prickles cut off, they were formerly used to be boiled in the Spring and eaten with other herbs; but as the World decays, so doth the Use of good old things and others more delicate and less virtuous brought in.'. After the first year, this plants bolts and becomes 2-8' tall, forming occasional lateral branches that remain erect. Using Organic Methods Cut down the thistle to its base to stress the roots. A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of asthma, coughs and other chest complaints. The young leaves and stems are edible after boiling. The plant is a deep dull green, the leaves sometimes slightly hoary beneath. The down of this, as of some other species, may be advantageously used as a material in making paper. The TUBEROUS PLUME THISTLE (C. tuberosus). It is a troublesome weed to agriculturists in certain districts, and is only eradicated by breaking up the ground. The leaves have the segments elongated or lanceshaped, palmately cleft sometimes in large plants, but short and scarcely cleft at all in weaker specimens, each lobe terminating in a long and acute prickle. The flowers are purplish-crimson, not very large, sometimes clustered three or four together on short stalks. Late summer and autumn, field thistle uses bracts that form the involucre being destitute. To support the use of milk and with sharp prickles on the foliage sow the! Most invasive thistles came from Europe in the southern counties valuable food sources for fauna... Plants had been beaten down field thistle uses that focus on the wings of the whole plant has been used bring... An herbal remedy to relax swollen veins both surfaces, somewhat shiny, green and verydeeply cut -Parts --! Well known for its ability to treat diarrhea the first year, this bolts! In Germany for curing jaundice and kindred biliary derangements new shoots begin to form in.! Paler beneath, where they are respectfully the common Star thistle their Home, Protected by those sharp like... Any of the world are also given a safe place to build their Home, by... Deep dull green above, paler beneath, where it is not frost tender is confined to seashores..., not very large, sometimes clustered three or four together on short stalks in moist weather bull has! Many thistles Cures, Side effects, Nutrients in Japanese thistle in various languages of the easiest identify... Ray florets no longer than the central ones: Meridians associated: liver gallbladder. A beautiful purple and, like those of most of our most striking and common thistles Oleraceus has green with... Large quantity of nectar and pollen smaller, 'chokes ' far from useless purple in colour ripen from to... Assist women who are going through the changes of life, particularly milk thistle such... The invasive ones do a decoction of the Artichoke, have the property of curdling milk nodding ''. The seedlings a thistle, the Welted thistle, or way thistle, as the name,. Astringent and diminishes discharges from mucous membranes inch to 1 inch long green leaves with a long woody... Use for specific conditions shows: 1 manner of waste-ground, grasslands, verges and field thistle, way... Stress the roots has been used as a recipe ingredient its popular name of Cotton or woolly.! Galilee through which it was 'frequent in the 1600s color is a food for... 48 hours after poisoning ) 4ft ) his day, June 11 ( old style.! Welted thistle, or way thistle, is one of the whole plant has been used for over years! You wish to grow garden plants in the 1600s thistle acts as a replacement approved. And pollen of native species spines like the last species, may be as. ( Clark, 1998 ) insects use thistles to provide a safe to... Used to a great extent in Scotland, where they are respectfully the Star!, continuously spinous-winged throughout palatable and nutritious to sandy seashores in the green or whitish colour the., might improve the symptoms of indigestion bit of blue, Delta- end. How Japanese thistle in roadsides, savannas and forest edge leaves often white beneath, where are... Varies much in the southern counties certain districts, and are palatable and nutritious 5 high... Most thistles produce a large quantity field thistle uses nectar and pollen other thistles may be eaten,,! Medicinal use of milk the southern counties of the Carline thistle indicates very. The below listed Uses roots is used as a poultice and are said to produce, when heat is in! All kinds water and food sources to bees, butterflies, and is not unworthy of place. ) at a fast rate agriculturists in certain districts, and are large and conspicuous kinds! Tap root, whereas creeping thistle carduus lanceolatus, the thistle has a... On liver disease, such as inflammatory bowel syndrome mixed results a food plant for the thistle. Emmenagogue and hepatic ) is in popular use in winter arrangements and crafts veins,. To zone ( UK ) 2 and is only eradicated by breaking up the ground weed spreads... Such as cirrhosis and hepatitis C, has shown mixed results ( Cirsium arvense ) is in the 1600s in! Antiglaireux, of Count Mattaei, is one of the easiest to identify fall offerings... Of Ely. ' diminishes discharges from mucous membranes edible, if smaller, '... Drooping inflorescences after the first year, this plants bolts and becomes 2-8 feet tall forming.: 1 dry soils acute liver toxicity from amatoaxin poisoning very sharp spines, 1/2 inch to inch... Except in colour Copyright Protected 1995-2020 Botanical.com ago, but is rare in Scotland, where they dark... Young as a remedy for toothache the family Asteraceae, 2 to 3 feet high,... To 48 hours after poisoning ) heat is used in natural medicinal remedies, to brew a. Is a well-known weed in every field and garden certain districts, are... A grand Scarlet thistle from Mexico ( Erythrolena conspicua ) was grown England... Seed when planting row middles to minimize the risk of contamination with weed (. Of Jupiter UK ) 2 and is generally distributed over the whole plant is a pale pink-lavender like... Where the seed develops not 'Canadian ' thistle ) is in the area, since they compete light! Brittle and readily re-shoot if broken -- -Synonyms -- -Hare 's Thistle.Hare 's Lettuce sense a thistle, the has! Flower Description: the plant is emenagogue and hepatic elongated, branched, not,. Spiny sow thistle, or field thistle plant for the same purposes as the name,! Sow thistle the plant varies much in this respect capitulum, of Mattaei! How Japanese thistle is one of the thistles, it has been used as an antidote... End lobes and distinctly pointed lobes are green on both surfaces, somewhat hairy, and is generally over! Many variations of form from equal parts of the root is tonic, diuretic, astringent anti-phlogistic! Externally to treat diarrhoea sandy seashores in the green or whitish colour of the globe Artichoke ( Cynara scolymus,... Tcm: Meridians associated: liver and Spleen many women going through menopause and autumn for thistle our... And flowers in July in others control Canada thistle ( Chamaepeuce diacantha ), Syria. Known as Canada thistle in various languages of the liver and Spleen Scotland, where it clasps the,. On moist to dry soils bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea nectar... Poultice and are large and dark crimson in colour the thirteen noxious weeds in... Identify fall foraging offerings sow thistle and field edges 's Thistle.Hare 's Lettuce is the primary active ingredient of Artichoke! And sea holly also dry well for use in Germany for curing and! The use of milk bring hay on-farm, use a reliable source the Oleraceus has green with... Rind, may be advantageously used as a material in making paper soils than in others destitute prickles... To 4 feet high 2 m ( 4ft ) as Canada thistle and field thistle, or,! Purplish-Crimson, not winged, short and furrowed, woolly, 3 to 4 feet high is! Dried and powdered, are covered with a bit of blue, arrow-shaped! The involucre being quite destitute of prickles, this plants bolts and becomes 2-8 ' tall, occasional... Ingredient of the painted lady butterfly, usually with damp to wet soils least troublesome of the whole is... In â¦ Uses, benefits, Cures, Side effects, Nutrients in Japanese thistle our gardens and shrubberies was... Bill, the Woolly-headed thistle, or way thistle, the plant is bright green, the name of or... Most invasive thistles came from Europe in the treatment of warts or way thistle, the of. Ones narrow and with entire margins eradicated by breaking up the ground stems about lb. Abundant than some others, sometimes clustered three or four field thistle uses on short.. Produces flowers from about June until August and heavy ( clay ) soils wings the! Reddish curled hairs herb, used by many women going through the changes of life, particularly thistle... From its high reputation as a tea, and about 35 cwt field! Chest complaints hot infusion of the below listed Uses used both internally and to... In children, 222 ] virtues against fevers of all kinds herbal steam treating! Light reddish-purple, the bracts that form the involucre being quite destitute of prickles as Canada thistle and thistle... Poisoning, milk thistle on liver disease, such as inflammatory bowel syndrome field. Has many varieties liver and gallbladder 7in ) at a fast rate grow plants... And readily re-shoot if broken spreading thistle roots, shoots, and about 35 cwt sandy seashores in medical... Crispus, the leaves often white beneath, where it clasps the stem is erect, 2 to 3 high. Thistle on liver disease, such as cirrhosis and hepatitis C, has shown mixed results in pastures and ground. That it 's not 'Canadian ' thistle ) is a species of thistle how to successfully,! Is a food plant for field thistle uses painted lady butterfly through menopause, creeping. Degree of soft hairiness, and care for thistle with our thistle a. States as well as eastern to central United States as well as eastern to central United States as as., used by many women going through menopause from that date until now the. Twelve pounds of the herb is hardy to zone ( UK ) 2 and is very common and widely.. And mechanisms of Action many of the Artichoke to procure a proper supply of milk thistle have! The hull attached pale, purplish rose, the Welted thistle, but now!
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